7 Principles of Upholstery Cleaning


The IICRC (Institute of Inspection Cleaning & Restoration Certification) Upholstery Cleaning Standards Guide declares that there are seven important principles in effectively cleaning upholstery.

  1. Fabric Inspection: A simple burn test, which involves taking a tiny swatch of the fabric, can reveal the fiber content. The flame, smoke and odor are identifying characteristics.

  2. Dye Testing: A small amount of upholstery cleaner is applied to an inconspicuous area of the fabric and a towel is pressed to the fabric. This tests the stability of the dye.

  3. Dry Soil Removal: In cleaning any textile, the first step is always to remove as much dry soil as possible. This improves the following cleaning steps greatly.

  4. Soil Suspension: A preconditioning agent is used on most fabrics to suspend the soil for more effective extraction.

  5. Soil Removal (Extraction): A water or solvent based rinse is used to wisk away the suspended soils.

  6. Pile Setting/Grooming: Many textiles have a pile that needs to be set after cleaning. A special upholstery brush is used to groom the pile for proper drying.

  7. Drying: Getting the upholstery dry as fast as possible is important. High velocity air movers are used for faster drying. Ceiling fans and air conditioning also help.

When was the last time your
upholstery was cleaned?

The next time you have your upholstery cleaned, remember that there are several important steps that must take place for proper cleaning. Dont let just anyone clean your sensitive fabrics! Our company is experienced in cleaning the finest of upholstered fabrics. The following important steps will be taken in cleaning your upholstery:

Step 1: Pre-Inspection
Our technician will perform special tests to determine the content of your fabric. The content will determine what type of cleaning solutions and techniques will be used. In addition, we will point out any potential permanent stains or areas of concern. We will give you an evaluation of expected results.

Step 2: Area Preparation
We will prepare the area where the upholstery will be cleaned to protect your surrounding furnishings.

Step 3: Pre-Vacuum
All textiles will be vacuumed thoroughly before cleaning. This step will remove dry soils and any loose particles from cracks and crevices.

Step 4: Pre-Treat
Depending on your fabric, a special solution designed for your fabric type and the soiling condition will be applied to emulsify the soil.

Step 5: Pre-Spot
Any potentially difficult spots will be pre-treated with special solutions to increase chances of removal.

Step 6: Pre-Groom
The fabric will then be gently groomed using soft upholstery brushes to further loosen the soil.

Step 7: Soil Extraction and Rinse
The soil is then extracted from the fabric with a gentle, controlled rinse.

Step 8: Neutralize
The fabric is then pH balanced to maintain its soft, fresh feel.

Step 9: Post Spot
Any remaining spots will be treated with special stain removal products.

*For longer fabric life and fewer permanent stains, have Fine Fabric Protector applied!!

Step 10: Post Groom
The upholstery will then be prepared for drying with a gentle combing of the fabric.

Step 11: Speed Dry
High velocity air movers will be placed on the upholstery to speed dry the fabric.

Step 12: Post Cleaning Inspection
Our technician will review the cleaning results with you to insure that your expectations have been met or exceeded.

For more info on our cleaning systems visit www.carmichaelcleaning.ca Or Call us at 519-208-8533